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敲详细!2021对外经济贸易大学MTI翻译硕士真题+答案

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发表于 2021-1-27 23:20:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2021对外经济贸易大学MTI真题+答案 特别感谢饱饱等学习群内小伙伴热情回忆投稿
中国高翻团队独家整理发布
学长微信zggftd1
欢迎其他小伙伴继续爱心供稿,我们会回赠复试资料
2021-1-27



211翻译硕士英语

一、单选20
近义词辨析untacheduntachable unequal unequable
固定搭配poverty alleviation(脱贫)
depreciation
volatile “v”开头的很多词意辨析
consultancy和 redundancy 区别
很多题都是,一道题两个空,一般只清楚一个空,另一个空单词不认识,很难选
二、文体改错10
comma price, run on, fragment 比较多,也有correct,choppy比较少,没有stringy
三、阅读,2篇常规阅读,1篇5选5,1篇判断正误
第一篇2017年12月六级真(第一套),判断正误
Our world now moves so fast that we seldom stop tosee just how far we have come in just a few years. The latest iPhone 6s, forexample, has a dual-core processor and fits nicely into your pocket. By comparison,you would expect to find a technological specification like this on yourstandard laptop in an office anywhere in the world.
It's no wonder that new applications for theInternet of Things are moving ahead fast when almost every new device we buy hasa plug on the end of it or a wireless connection to the internet. Soon, our currentsmartphone lifestyle will expand to create our own smart home lifestyle too.
All researches agree that close to 25 billiondevices, things and sensors will be connected by 2020 which incidentally isalso the moment that Millennials (千禧一代) are expected to make up 75 percent of our overallworkforce, and the fully connected home will become a reality for large numbersof people worldwide.
However, this is just the tip of the proverbialiceberg as smart buildings and even cities increasingly become the norm asleaders and business owners begin to wake up to the massive savings thattechnology can deliver through connected sensors and new forms of automationcoupled with intelligent energy and facilities management.
Online security cameras, intelligent lighting and awealth of sensors that control both temperature and air quality are offering anunprecedented level of control, efficiency, and improvements to what were onceclassed necessary costs when running a business or managing a large building.
We can expect that the ever-growing list ofdevices, systems and environments remain connected, always online and talkingto each other. The big benefit will not only be in the housing of this enormousand rapidly growing amount of data, but will also be in the ability to run realtime data analytics to extract actionable and ongoing knowledge.
The biggest and most exciting challenge of thistechnology is how to creatively leverage this ever-growing amount of data todeliver cost savings, improvements and tangible benefits to both businesses andcitizens of these smart cities.
The good news is that most of this technology isalready invented. Let's face it, it wasn't too long ago that the idea ofworking from anywhere and at anytime was some form of a distant Utopian (乌托邦式的) dream, and yet now we can perform almost anyoffice-based task from any location in the world as long as we have access tothe internet.
It's time to wake up to the fact that making smartbuildings, cities and homes will dramatically improve our quality of life inthe years ahead.
第二篇,选自20195月一篇经济学人文章
Sleepless in Silicon Valley
Why the techie obsession with sleep technologymakes perfect sense
First, close the blackout blinds in your bedroom.Eat dinner at 4pm, and do not eat or drink anything after 6pm. Put on yourblue-light blocking glasses at 8pm. Set your bedroom temperature to 67oF{19.4C) and your electric blanket to 69.8oF {21 C). At 8.45pm, meditate forfive to ten minutes. Switch on your deep- wave sound machine. Put on your Qurasleep tracking ring. You are now, finally, ready for slumber. This may allsound a bit over the top. But this is the "sleep hygiene" routinedescribed in a recent blog post by Bryan Johnson, who sold his previous companyto eBay for $800m and is now chief executive of Kernel, a startup developingbrain-computer interfaces. He admits that his sleep routine has "decimatedmy social life”, and that his partner sleeps in a different room, but says allthis trouble is worth it, because it has boosted his level of "deepsleep" by as much as 157%. He has bought Oura rings for all his employees.
Mr Johnson does not expect other people to copy hisroutine, but made it public to encourage the sharing of sleep habits and tips.Like many other techies, he regards sleep hygiene as an effective way tomaintain mental health, boost cognition and enhance productivity. In its mostrecent funding round, backers of Oura, the Finnish maker of the high-tech ring,included the co- founders of YouTube and Twitch, along with alumni of Facebook,Skype and Box.com. The ring's most famous user is Jack Dorsey, the boss ofTwitter, whose unusual wellness regime-which also incorporates near-infraredsaunas, radiation blocking Faraday tents, fasting and cryotherapy- prompted theNew York Times this month to dub him “Gwyneth Paltrow for Silicon Valley”. Fortech tycoons, it seems, sleep is the new fitness.
Those who want to monitor and improve their sleephave no shortage of gadgets to choose from. As well as electric blankets andmattress- chillers, sound machines and "decimated my social life” smartrings, there are also smart pillows, sleep-tracking watches and bracelets,intelligent sleep masks, brain-stimulating headbands, bedside sleep sensors andcountless sleep- monitoring apps. The market for sleep technology was worth$58bn in 2014 and is expected to grow to $81bn by 2020, according toPersistence, a market-research firm. Big companies in the field includehousehold names such as Apple, Bose, Nokia and Philips. After Mr Dorsey'senthusiastic endorsement, the Oura rings are back- ordered by four to sixweeks.
The mania for sleep technology makes perfect sensefor the tech industry, combining as it does several existing trends. For astart, it fits with the industry's metrics -driven worldview. Techies obsessabout OKRs {objectives and key results), KPIs {key performance indicators) anddigital-analytics dashboards showing the performance of specific products andfeatures. Applying similar techniques to sleep and other aspects of theirpersonal lives, an approach known as the "quantified self" seems alogical step. As those in the startup world like to say, channeling Peter Drucker,a management guru, "what's measured improves."
Sleep- tracking also aligns neatly with Silicon Valley'scult of productivity, and the constant search for "life hacks" thatwill make entrepreneurs more effective, efficient and successful. This ranges fromwearing the same clothes every day, Steve Jobs-style (thus avoiding wastingtime deciding what to put on), to fastidious fitness routines and complicateddiets. Elaborate sleep regimes slot right in, because they promise clarity ofthought and improved cognitive performance. They also let people extend theirquantified· self and life- -hacking efforts into the one part of the day that waspreviously untouched: shut-eye. Relentlessly pursuing productivity only whileyou are awake is for wimps. Sleep -tracking means you can do it round theclock. Oura describes its sensor packed ring as a "secret weapon forpersonal improvement"- -another way to get ahead.
1.下列说法符合文章标题的是?
A how to?
B how to achieve self-improvement
C how to monitor your sleeping
D seeping hyhegnie and technology that can improveefciency
2.What dose "Iife hacks "mean?
A life tips
B?
C?
D privacy monitoring
3. What does the sentence mean "decimated mysocial life”
4. What does the sentence mean "the Oura ringsare back- ordered by four to six weeks."?
5.搞科技的为啥喜欢这个?选项为D.以上全部
第三篇: Cosco CiscoIntel 这些公司预见未来,制定未来发展计划的情况,哪些公司可以紧跟时代潮流。但是因为当前经济发展大环境不好,很多公司都不愿意预测未来发展趋势了,也不愿意分享。最后列举了一个小公司,说了它的做法,然后问题是
1. Cisco 如何发展的?(是一个关于CISCO的问题
2. 要怎么做才能抓住机会,实现公司的盈利和成功?
4.why these companies don't to share theirknowledge about future?
A. the current tough development enviroment
BCD?没选不记得了
5.下面哪一个选项符合(某某)公司?
三、作文
先给了一段文字介绍今年文化产业状况及与去年比较
表格图,描述了2020前三季度,前两季度的九种文化产业各自的产值及增幅(同比变化)以及总值(达6tiin yuan) 变化,有很多负值,还有说到其他文化类型产业的产值有所增加,传统文化产业产值下降,我理解的是,人民消费文化产业的转型。
357英语翻译基础
一、翻译词条:
  • The Enlightenment:启蒙运动
  • equity financing:股权融资
  • UN Sustainable Development Goals:联合国可持续发展目标
  • fossil fuel:化石燃料
  • creative industry:创意产业

  • 普通法:common law
  • 民粹主义:populism
  • 自由贸易港:free trade port
  • 智慧电网:smart grid
  • 新兴经济体:emergingeconomies

二、篇章翻译:
英译汉(关于新冠疫情带来的长期后果)
汉译英(“和而不同”)
448汉语写作与百科知识


一、百科知识

1.宋玉《登徒子好色》目欲其颜,心顾其义啥意思
2.恃估是什么意思
3.词的别称(诗余,长调等)
4.《梅花岭记》主要讲了什么(选项有描述景色,歌颂宋朝英雄,清朝英雄史法可什么的)
5.总角,垂髫,弱冠,及笄,耄耋,始龀,髫龀技从小到大排序
6.梁启超《少年中国说》“彼老朽者何足道,彼与此世界作别之日不远矣,而我少年乃新来而与世界为缘。如就屋者然,彼明日将迁居他方,而我今日始入此室处。将迁居者,不爱护其窗栊,不洁治其庭庑,俗人恒情,亦何足怪!若我少年者,前程浩浩,后顾茫茫。”这段话的意思
7.瓜田李下的意思
8.费孝通哪个作品描述乡村生活
9.楷书四大家都有谁(混淆选项是: A是赵孟頫B是米芾c竟然出现了王羲之)
10.长沮、桀溺耦而耕。孔子过之,使子路问津焉。长沮曰: "夫执舆者为谁?”子路日:”为孔丘。”曰:”是鲁孔丘与?”曰:”是也。”曰:”是知津矣!”问于桀溺。桀溺曰:“子为谁?"日:”为仲由。”曰:”是鲁孔丘之徒与?”对日;“然。"曰:”滔滔者,天下皆是也,而谁以易之?且而与其从辟人之士也,岂若从辟世之士哉?”稷而不辍。子路行以告,夫子抚然日:”鸟善不可与同群,吾非斯人之徒与而谁与?天下有道,丘不与易也。”这段话表明孔子什么样的处事态度? (AB 赞成长沮築溯,A是想想与他们为伍。B是赞成他们身处乱世構耕不辍CD反对,D人不可与鸟兽为伍)
11.纳兰性德的骊山语罢清宵半,泪雨霖铃终不怨。国怨典故(唐明皇杨玉环,汉成帝和班婕好)
12.干渴什么意思
13.棚、明什么意思(皇官高台上的建筑,皇官前晾望楼)
14.英法百年战争英雄(圣女贞德)
15.离南极点最近的科考站(中山站,长城站,昆仑站等)
16.任王与马,共天下”指的是哪个时期的门阀政治? (ABCD 分别为东晋,东汉,魏晋南北朝,隋朝)
17.描写寒食节的是哪句诗? (A 海榴花发应相笑,无酒渊明亦独醒。B几许欢情与离恨,年年井在此育中。c棠梨花映白杨树,尽是死生别离处。D江涵秋影雁初飞,与客携壶上翠微。)
18.哪个事件是明朝永乐年间发生的? (我就记得郑和下西洋,因为我选的是这个)

19.哪个不是英国王朝(金雀花,加洛林,兰开斯特,都铎)
20.爵士时代代表人物(我选的非茨杰拉德)
21.我国最早的铁路建筑工程师(詹天佑)
22.清朝方苞哪个作品描写的是“桐城派”三个什么东西我忘了(狱狭中杂记, ?县记)

23.哪三家分晋(选项涉及了韩赵魏昊楚这几个国家c是赵韩魏)
24.文艺复兴佛洛伦萨三杰是谁
25.六如居士是谁(唐寅,陶渊明〉
26.能近取譬,可谓仁之方中的能近取譬是什么意思
27.蚕头燕尾是哪种书休? (石鼓书,楷书,隶书,行书)
28.维也纳交响乐之父<巴赫)莱辛〈德)哪部作品写了空间艺术和时间艺术的区别(拉奥孔,什么美)

29.日裔英国作家,2017 诺奖获得者(石黑一雄,日川龙之介)

30.有声 电影发明者(法国卢米埃尔,爱迪生)

31.龟虽寿作者(肯定是老曹啊)

32.20世纪70年代经济供给学派(我只认识凯恩斯)

33.月亮与六便士代表什么(理想与现实)

34.古希腊哪个人著有《形而上学》(亚里士多德,苏格拉底,柏拉图,泰勒斯)

35.超现实派画家是谁(A法国夏凡纳B西班牙达利c意大利贝利尼 D法国高更)

36.哪件是发生在17世纪英国资产阶级革命时期的事件(A查二世和平退位B圈地运动c克伦威尔D蔷薇战争)

37.后主是谁加上他对应的诗句(选项AB李爆,B选项诗是天上人间。cD李環)

38.里海沿岸国家是? <A 伊朗B亚美尼亚c乌克兰D土耳其)

39.不积跬步无以至千里出处(荀子)

40.不属于拉丁谱族的是(A法谱B波兰语C意大利谱D西班牙谱)

41.爱尔兰文艺复兴运动中心人物是? (叶芝)

42.千里走单骑是谁(关老爷)

43.杰斐逊西拓两↑重要人物(克拉克刘易斯)

44.印巴冲突地点(A加沙B.克什米尔C美索不达米亚D麦加)

45.哪个摇滚乐队是美国的(A披头士B皇后c滚石D枪炮与玫瑰)

46.莎翁中・合唱的作用(突出反面人物,推动故事情节,突出英雄人物,还有一个我忘了)

47.太阳金宇塔在哪(选项有秘鲁,智利,玻利维亚,墨西哥)

48.法国1661年太阳王悬? (路易十四,亨利二世,亨利四世)

49.1931英国议会通过哪部法案大英帝国名存实亡,英联邦正式形成? (威斯敏 斯特法案,伦敦法案Y

二、小作文

随着全球化的发展,你作为某家电营销总监要给公司全球化写一个营 销方案,包括行业趋势和市场环境、什么和营销方案,管理制度和团队结构、融资说明和风险管理(包括风险和应对措施)

三、大作文

人工智能:福祉还是挑战?
中国高翻团队
2021-1-27

注:回忆真题难免会存在疏漏,欢迎留言补充~


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